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PMP: The 12 Project Management Principles Defined by PMI
PMConnection Articles

These twelve principles are defined by the Project Management Institute (PMI) within the “Standard for Project Management” which is included as part of the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) 7th Edition

1. Be a Diligent, Respectful, and Caring Steward

2. Create a Collaborative Project Team Environment

3. Effectively Engage with Stakeholders

4. Focus on Value

5. Recognize, Evaluate, and Respond to System Interactions

6. Demonstrate Leadership Behaviors

7. Tailor Based on Context

8. Build Quality into Processes and Deliverables

9. Navigate Complexity

10. Optimize Risk Responses

11. Embrace Adaptability and Resiliency

12. Enable Change to Achieve the Envisioned Future State

 

1. Be a Diligent, Respectful, and Caring Steward

Stewards act responsibly to carry out activities with integrity, care, and trustworthiness while maintaining compliance with internal and external guidelines. They demonstrate a broad commitment to financial, social, and environmental impacts of the projects they support.

- Stewardship encompasses responsibilities within and external to the organization.
- Stewardship includes:
  • Integrity,
  • Care,
  • Trustworthiness, and
  • Compliance.
- A holistic view of stewardship considers financial, social, technical, and sustainable environmental awareness. 

 

2. Create a Collaborative Project Team Environment

Project teams are made up of individuals who wield diverse skills, knowledge, and experience. Project teams that work collaboratively can accomplish a shared objective more effectively and efficiently than individuals working on their own.

- Projects are delivered by project teams.
- Project teams work within organizational and professional cultures and guidelines, often establishing their own "local" culture.
- A collaborative project team environment facilitates:
  • Alignment with Other organizational cultures and guidelines,
  • Individual and team learning and development, and
  • Optimal contributions to deliver desired outcomes.

 

3. Effectively Engage with Stakeholders

Engage stakeholders proactively and to the degree needed to contribute to project success and customer satisfaction.

- Stakeholders influence projects, performance, and outcomes.
- Project teams serve other stakeholders by engaging with them.
- Stakeholder engagement proactively advances value delivery.

 

4. Focus on Value

Continually evaluate and adjust project alignment to business objectives and intended benefits and value.

- Value is the ultimate indicator of project success.
- Value can be realized throughout the project, at the end of the project, or after the project is complete.
- Value, and the benefits that contribute to value, can be defined in quantitative and/or qualitative terms.
- A focus on outcomes allows project teams to support the intended benefits that lead to value creation.
- Project teams evaluate progress and adapt to maximize the expected value.

 

5. Recognize, Evaluate, and Respond to System Interactions

Recognize, evaluate, and respond to the dynamic circumstances within and surrounding the project in a holistic way to positively affect project performance.

- A project is a system of interdependent and interacting domains of activity.
- Systems thinking entails taking a holistic view of how project parts interact with each Other and with external systems.
- Systems are constantly changing, requiring consistent attention to internal and external conditions.
- Being responsive to system interactions allows project teams to leverage positive outcomes.

 

6. Demonstrate Leadership Behaviors

Demonstrate and adapt leadership behaviors to support individual and team needs.

- Effective leadership promotes project success and contributes to positive project outcomes.
- Any project team member can demonstrate leadership behaviors.
- Leadership is different than authority.
- Effective leaders adapt their style to the situation.
- Effective leaders recognize differences in motivation among project team members.
- Leaders demonstrate desired behavior in areas of honesty, integrity, and ethical conduct.

 

7. Tailor Based on Context

Design the project development approach based on the context of the project, its objectives, stakeholders, governance, and the environment using "just enough" process to achieve the desired outcome while maximizing value, managing cost, and enhancing speed.

- Each project is unique.
- Project success is based on adapting to the unique context of the project to determine the most appropriate methods of producing the desired outcomes.
- Tailoring the approach is iterative, and therefore is a continuous process throughout the project.

 

8. Build Quality into Processes and Deliverable

Maintain a focus on quality that produces deliverables that meet project objectives and align to the needs, uses, and acceptance requirements set forth by relevant stakeholders.

- Project quality entails satisfying stakeholders' expectations and fulfilling project and product requirements.
- Quality focuses on meeting acceptance criteria for deliverables.
- Project quality entails ensuring project processes are appropriate and as effective as possible.

 

9. Navigate Complexity

Continually evaluate and navigate project complexity so that approaches and plans enable the project team to successfully navigate the project life cycle.

- Complexity is the result of human behavior, system interactions, uncertainty, and ambiguity.
- Complexity can emerge at any point during the project.
- Complexity can be introduced by events or conditions that affect value, scope, communications, stakeholders, risk, and technological innovation.
- Project teams can stay vigilant in identifying elements of complexity and use a variety of methods to reduce the amount or impact of complexity.

 

10. Optimize Risk Responses

Continually evaluate exposure to risk, both opportunities and threats, to maximize positive impacts and minimize negative impacts to the project and its outcomes.

- Individual and overall risks can impact projects.
- Risks can be positive (opportunities) or negative (threats).
- Risks are addressed continually throughout the project
- An organization's risk attitude, appetite, and threshold influence how risk is addressed.
- Risk responses should be:
  • Appropriate for the significance of the risk,
  • Cost effective,
  • Realistic within the project context,
  • Agreed to by relevant stakeholders, and
  • Owned by a responsible person. 

 

11. Embrace Adaptability and Resiliency

Build adaptability and resiliency into the organizations and project teams approaches to help the project accommodate change, recover from setbacks, and advance the work of the project.

- Adaptability is the ability to respond to changing conditions.
- Resiliency is the ability to absorb impacts and to recover quickly from a setback or failure.
- A focus on outcomes rather than outputs facilitates adaptability

 

12. Enable Change to Achieve the Envisioned Future State

Prepare those impacted for the adoption and sustainment of new and different behaviors and processes required for the transition from the current state to the intended future state created by the project outcomes.

- A structured approach to change helps individuals, groups, and the organization transition from the current state to a future desired state.
- Change can originate from internal influences or external sources.
- Enabling change can be challenging as not all stakeholders embrace change.
- Attempting too much change in a short time can lead to change fatigue and/or resistance.
- Stakeholder engagement and motivational approaches assist in change adoption.


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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 29 @ 20:24:32 EST (739 reads)
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Citizen Development: All About Citizen Development
PMConnection Articles

This is a series of articles related to the Citizen Development framework and the various Citizen Developer roles.

Think of the Citizen Development project management approach similar to Scrum.  However, instead of developing new software, the team will focus on delivering value with off-the-shelf products.  These products fall into what is commonly known as No-Code / Low-Code applications.



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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 13:46:52 EST (1388 reads)
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Citizen Development: No-Code / Low-Code
PMConnection Articles


This article is part of a series on "All About Citizen Development". 
See previous article:  Citizen Development Tools


What is No-Code / Low-Code?

​A visual software development environment that allows Citizen Developers to drag and drop application components, connect them together and create a mobile or web app.

What are the Most Popular Low-Code Applications?

Other Source:
  • Appian
  • Boomi
  • Creatio
  • Mendix
  • OutSystems
  • Quickbase
  • WaveMaker
  • Microsoft
  • Oracle
  • SalesForce
See first article: What is Citizen Development?


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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 13:09:53 EST (221 reads)
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Citizen Development: Citizen Development Tools
PMConnection Articles




Citizen Development Tools:

"Do" - Citizen Developer Practitioner Templates
The following is the list of templates that will help you plan and manage a Citizen Development project.  Acquire the "Citizen Developer Practitioner Toolbox" HERE.
  1. Project Concept
  2. Suitability Scorecard
  3. Risk Assessment
  4. Technical Assessment
  5. SDLC Path
  6. Vision Board
  7. RACI Matrix
  8. Change Request Log
  9. Environmental Check
  10. Entity Definition
  11. Process Architecture Model
  12. Flowchart Diagram
  13. Stakeholder Register
  14. Communications Plan
  15. NFR Assessment
  16. Requirements Tracker

"Manage and Lead" - Citizen Developer Business Architect
  1. Citizen Development Maturity Assessment
  2. CDBA Task Checklist
  3. Commitment Tracker
  4. RACI Template
  5. Roles and Responsibilities in the Maturity Model Stages
  6. Stakeholder Matrix

See next article: No-Code / Low-Code


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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 12:55:45 EST (169 reads)
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Citizen Development: Where can I Find Training on Citizen Developer?
PMConnection Articles





  1. PMI Citizen Developer Foundation - Begin your journey in unlocking the full power of Citizen Development.  Citizen development is about quickly turning ideas into apps using low-code or no-code tools. Gartner predicts that the number of active citizen developers, or individuals who can build applications without coding knowledge, will be at least four times the number of professional developers by 2023.
  2. PMI Citizen Developer Practitioner - Take your Citizen Developer skills to the next level.  The Practitioner course is for the “doers.” It provides the tools and methodologies needed to efficiently create effective and scalable applications using low-code and no-code platforms, solving the problems that organizations face.
  3. PMI Citizen Developer Business Architect - Lead your organization's strategic planning for Citizen Development adoption.  The Citizen Developer Business Architect (CDBA) course provides you with the tools and methodologies needed to manage citizen developer teams, the governance processes, oversee the collaboration between stakeholders in IT and the business, and embed the organizational structures that underpin citizen development, guiding the organization through to citizen development maturity.
  4. Citizen Developer Coach - Real-time, via the web, advice and guidance

See next articleCitizen Development Tools


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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 12:37:14 EST (162 reads)
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Citizen Development: Where can I Find Training on Citizen Development?
PMConnection Articles






2. Citizen Development Coach - Real-time, via the web, advice and guidance




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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 10:53:26 EST (182 reads)
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Citizen Development: Citizen Development Maturity Model
PMConnection Articles


Citizen Development Maturity Model

The Citizen Development Maturity Model describes the ways of working, organizational processes, and structures that characterize five distinct phases of maturity.

Maturity Assessment
To see which maturity level your organization currently sits with respect to Citizen Development, complete this "Citizen Development Maturity Assessment" (13 multiple choice questions).


See next article: Where can I find training on Citizen Development?


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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 08:14:52 EST (240 reads)
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Citizen Development: What is a Citizen Developer?
PMConnection Articles


This article is part of a series on "All About Citizen Development". 

What is a Citizen Developer?

  1. Business professionals who create customized apps using low-code/no-code (LCNC) tools to solve business challenges. Citizen Development - The Handbook for Creators and Changemakers
  2. An employee who creates application capabilities for consumption by themselves or others, using tools that are not actively forbidden by IT or business units. A citizen developer is a persona, not a title or targeted role. They report to a business unit or function other than IT. Gartner
  3. Are simply non-IT employees who see opportunities for using technology to make their work easier and more efficient.  Centric
  4. A person without formal training in software development who develops software using low-code or no-code platforms.  Maruti Techlabs



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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 07:43:51 EST (469 reads)
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Citizen Development: What are the Benefits of a Citizen Developer?
PMConnection Articles


This article is part of a series on "All About Citizen Development". 
See previous article:  What is a Citizen Developer?

What are the Benefits of a Citizen Developer?
  1. PMI Citizen Development - The Handbook for Creators and Changemakers
               A. For Organizations
                    i. Accelerates new product and service creation
                    ii. Drives more efficient processes and automated workflows
                    iii. Stimulates widespread innovation across the organization
                    iv. Helps cut costs and build resilience in volatile times
                    v. Expedites digital transformations and accelerates project-based working
               B. For IT
                    i. Frees up capacity in IT
                    ii. Mitigates shadow IT risk and improves code quality
                    ​iii. Elevates the role of IT risk as a safeguard for the organization
                    iv. Enhances reusability and reduces maintenance effort
                    v. Increases transparency Of application inventory
               C. For Individuals
                    i. Fosters a culture Of employment through autonomy and ownership
                    ii. Allows developers to make changes to applications in real time
                    iii. Speeds up and simplifies turning ideas into apps
                    iv. Provides recognition and enhanced career prospects
                    v. Democratizes development for nonprofessional coders
        2. Nintex
               A. Reducing the burden on your IT department
               B. Enabling business agility
               C. Engaging your workforce
               D. Empowering your employees

        ​3. Planet Crust
               A. Save crucial time
               B. IT sector inability
               C. Advancement in technology
               D. Have high security for your business
        4. Maruti Techlabs
               A. Meeting The Demand For Apps
               B. Apps That End Users Need
               C. Engaging the Workforce
               D. Increased Productivity
               ​E. Competitive Advantage



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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 07:35:59 EST (214 reads)
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Citizen Development: What are the Benefits of Citizen Development?
PMConnection Articles


This article is part of a series on "All About Citizen Development".
See previous article: What is Citizen Development?


What are the Benefits of Citizen Development?
  1. Forbes
    1. Design, Build and Implement Solutions Faster
    2. Build Better Business Applications
    3. Create A Culture Of Innovation And Boost Business Productivity
  2. Mendix
    1. Meet the growing need for apps
    2. Address shortage of skilled developers
    3. Govern shadow IT
    4. Boost IT and business productivity
    5. Break down silos
  3. Service Now
    1. Innovation and efficiency
    2. Speed
    3. Improvement
    4. Increase organization IP
    5. May reduce the risk of shadow IT
    6. Cost effective
    7. Scale
  4. AI Multiple
    1. Addresses shortage of developers in a cost-effective way
    2. Speed of development
    3. Aligns business leaders and IT
    4. Facilitates digital transformation
  5. PMI
    1. Rapid prototyping and faster development time
    2. Helping to reduce the IT backlog
    3. Improved sustainability and integration with legacy systems
    4. Improved partnering with the business
    5. Flexibility of solutions
    6. End of "Shadow IT"
    7. Ability to do more with less budget
    8. Upskilling and quick mastery frees up valuable time



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Posted by webadmin on Saturday, January 01 @ 07:12:52 EST (516 reads)
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